M/508/8849 (RCF) Principals of Financial Markets


The operational practices and the efficiencies of financial market in the long run is that there has been several variations in operations. Therefore, main motive of stock market is to bring transparent and reliable information of an entity among the group of investors. It helps the firms in collecting appropriate capital for development of operational practices. However, in the present report, there will be discussion based on financial performance of Adelaide Brighton Ltd. and BHP Billiton Ltd. These firms are operating in material manufacturing segmentation and will be analysed on the basis of their financial analysis.

A. Analysing economic environment of Australia with the help of top down analysis

            To analyse the financial capabilities of Australia stock exchange is that there will be effective operational control over the business activities as well as operational practices of the firm in the given period. The economic environment of Australia will be analysed over various economic elements such as:

Current interest rate:


Current AUD value:

0.76 USD = 1 AUD

Current GDP:

1.2 lacs crores

Inflation rate



Business life cycle and current operations

To survive in the highly competitive world, there is need to have appropriate business operations which in turn will be effective and helpful to have appropriate measurement of operations (Da Silva and, 2017). However, in relation with such facts, it can be said that there is need to have administration of the financial stability and internal business objectives of industries.

BHP Billiton

The genre of the business is that it mainly operates the operations in the material manufacturing units, has mines operational activities and deal in metal and petroleum products. It is the world's largest isolated market in capital market economy of Australia. However, in relation with the operations of business, it can be said that there are 65000 employees which are currently working in this business and it has the operating income of more than 11 million USD. The motive of firm is to expand operational activities of this business on a large level as well as adding more operational lines into practices.

Adelaide Brighton Ltd.

This firm also deals in minerals but mainly in the cement manufacturing or production lime, aggregates, etc. It is currently operating in various locations in Australia and has the appropriate ranking in ASX index. However, the motive of firm is to become the largest seller or manufacturer of Lime products and cement manufacturing unit in world (Adelaide Brighton Ltd, 2018).

B. Determining financial health of businesses with the help of Bottom up analysis

The determination of profitability, efficiency and financial stability of the firms there will be appropriate determination of the facts which in turn will be affective and indicative as to have appropriate revenue generations and gains (Hutchinson, Mack and Verhoeven, 2017). Therefore, in relation with ascertaining the competencies of both the firms, there is need to conduct a bottom up analysis on the basis of financial ratio

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